One-Way Rental: A system of pallet rentals in which the supplier or shipper is only responsible for pallet usage until it is de-rented at an authorized receiver or returned to the rental company's depot.
Opening: Spaces due to either the location of the bottom deck boards or cut-outs in the case of an otherwise continuous bottom deck, allowing the wheels of a front-supported pallet truck to bear on the floor after entering a double-faced pallet.
Opening Height: The vertical distance measured between decks, from the floor to the underside of the top deck, or from the floor to the top of the stringer notch.
Outside Stringer: Stringer extending along the sides of a pallet.
Overall Height: The vertical distance measured from the floor to the top of the top deck.
Overhang: The distance the deck wing extends from the outer edge of the stringer or stringer board; also refers to the distance that product supported by the pallet overhangs the edge of the pallet deck.
Pallet: A horizontal platform device used as a base for assembling, storing, handling and transporting materials and products as a unit load, typically equipped with a superstructure.
Pallet Bins: Pallet containers with closed sides and ends, but without a top.
Pallet Boxes: Pallet containers with closed sides, ends and a top.
Pallet Broker: An intermediary who buys pallets from suppliers and sells them to pallet customers, helps expedite the sales function for some pallet plants, and purchasing function for some pallet buyers.
Pallet Control: Refers to the tracking and management of pallets, typically where these activities are performed in-house.
Pallet Crates: Pallet containers with open or slatted sides or ends, but without tops.
Pallet Depot: A location for the return, sortation and repair of empty pallets or the pickup of empty rental pallets.
Pallet Design System (PDS): Reliability based computer-aided design (CAD) program, for determing the safe load carrying capacity, performance life and economy of wooden pallets.
Pallet Dimensions: Refers to the pallet footprint dimensions with stringer or stringerboard (block pallet) length always expressed first; for example 48x40 inch pallet has a 48 inch stringer or stringer board and a 40 inch deck boards.
Pallet Life: The period during which pallet remains useful, expressed in units of time or in the number of trips.
Pallet Kit: The components required to assemble a pallet, in unassembled form.
Pallet Management: Refers to activities associated with managing pallets for a company or in an application; often used in reference to management services provided by a third party.
Pallet Pattern: The arrangement of containers upon a pallet, both in cases per layer and numbers of layers in height.
Palletization: The process of using pallets as a unit load base.
Pallet Trip: One complete cycle of pallet usage from a supplier to a distributor and back again for reuse. For owned pallets the trip is completed on the return of the empty pallet to the supplier. For one-way rented pallets, the trip is completed when the pallet is returned to the rental company's depot or at an authorized receiver.
Panel Deck Pallet: Pallet constructed with composite or structural panel top deck.
Partial Four-Way Entry Stringer Pallet: Pallet constructed with notched stringers to permit side entry by forks.
Pinwheel: Refers to the turning of pallets on either horizontal access to better utilize dock space or trailer space.
Post Pallet: A pallet fitted with posts, blocks between the decks or beneath the top deck; see block pallet.
Plates: Steel reinforcements regularly used to repair stringer cracks, or to protect stringer ends.
Polypropylene: Abbreviated as PP, a common plastic pallet material.
Phytosanitary Requirements: Regulations pertaining to how solid wood packaging must be treated by heat or chemical process in order to eliminate the possibility of wood borne pests crossing international borders. The phytosanitary exemption between Canada and the U.S. is scheduled to end in 2013.
Proprietary Pallet: Pallet owned by a specific company, usually with markings indicating such ownership.Pallet Recycling Glossary Q - Z.